This is my second submission to Yeastspotting

The recipe for this traditional wheat bread from England comes from Dan Lepard’s book  “The Handmade Loaf”, that I mentioned before. I’ve made quite a few  breads  from it, and at first this one seemed a little too involved,  because it required not only a levain (sourdough starter), but also a barm .  But, I was inspired to try it after reading a wonderful post about it.

Lepard  came up with a nice strategy to duplicate the barm at home by taking  a bottle-conditioned beer, and adding to it a small amount of your own  levain.  It’s a simple bread once  the barm is ready and bubbly…

To make the barm….

125g Chimay beer (or other beer containing live yeast)
25g bread flour
2 tsp white levain (commercial or made from scratch)

Heat the beer to 160F, remove from the heat and quickly add the flour. Transfer to a bowl and allow it to cool to 68F, then add your white levain. Leave it at room temperature overnight or until it is very bubbly (my barm fermented for 30 hours).

Waiting for it to cool to 68F….

To make the bread dough…


75g barm
125g water at room temperature
250g bread flour
3/4 tsp fine sea salt

Mix the barm in a large bowl with the water to completely dissolve it, then add the flour and salt. Mix it all with your hands;  it will be pretty shaggy and you will doubt that it will ever become smooth…. don’t worry, just let the dough sit there for 10 minutes, covered.

Now follow this timeline, kneading for 10 to 15 seconds (yes, seconds) at each timepoint:

10 minutes / 20 minutes / 30 minutes / 1 hour / 2 hours /3 hours / 5 hours

at the 30 minute timepoint the dough will already be quite smooth…

After 5 hours, knead it briefly again, allow the dough to relax for 10-20 minutes, and  shape it into a  “boule” (see one method here).  Gently transfer it to your vessel of choice for the final rise (about 4 hours) before baking. I used a banetton lined with a fine cloth, sprinkled with cornmeal.

The bread will rise to 1.5X  its initial volume; when you press it gently with a finger, it should feel airy and light. I baked mine in a clay pot at 430F for 30 minutes covered, and for 15 additional minutes with the lid off.


This bread is a winner in every way:  flavor, crust and crumb texture, and looks. The beer gives it a subtle sourness completely different from a regular sourdough, made with levain only. It is a perfect match for a ham sandwich, or to go along a hearty soup or salad.  I kept thinking about split pea soup while munching on the bread. I’ll definitely make it again, with different beers and flour mixtures, as advised in Lepard’s book.

jump for more comments….

General comments: please, don’t be put off by the time it takes to make this bread. Even though it’s about 10 hours from beginning to end, it’s essentially a hands-free time.   Also, you can start the bread in the afternoon and let it rise in the fridge overnight.  Next morning bring the bread to room temperature, let it rise for a couple of hours and bake it. Some bakers say that you can put the bread straight from the fridge into the oven, but I prefer to slowly warm it up.

Several recipes in Dan Lepard’s book follow similar timing – once you make them a few times, you’ll become familiar with how the dough behaves, and… trust me:  paraphrasing Star Trek, “Resistance is futile”. You will be hooked… 🙂

Around the 2 hour mark, the dough will show a definite change in texture,and  you can tell the gluten is developing.  After 3 hours air bubbles will appear, and soon you’ll learn how to treat them right: no excessive force, no excessive gentleness.  😉   The way you handle the dough in its final shaping will deeply affect the crumb texture.  Don’t  crush the air bubbles, but also don’t  leave a huge air pocket  in the middle of your bread!

With bread baking, practice is everything. Pick a recipe and make it over and over and over… remember, it’s only flour, water, a tiny bit of yeast and salt!

Important note to self: not a good idea to turn the beer bottle up and down a few times to distribute the yeast inside before opening it. Don’t know what I was thinking, but a lot of beer and time was lost in the process of cleaning the mess.


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11 thoughts on “BARM BREAD

  1. Pingback: YES, WE CAN (on the GRIDDLE) | Bewitching Kitchen

    • I think it would work, I seem to remember discussions about it, and some people with access to breweries tried that. As they say, it’s just a little flour, water, and yeast – it doesn’t hurt to try something new 😉


  2. I’m going to try to make this barm soon for a historic recipe for barm dumplings. Thanks for the information. I’ll link my blog post back to yours for the instructions.


  3. They still sell barm cakes here in the North West of England, lovely with chips on, and lashings of salt and vinegar.
    Also available in any chippy…..”What do you want, love?”….”Two chip barms, please.”……”Salt and Vinegar?”…..”Aye”


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